Businesses and individuals engaged in any business activity whose turnover exceeds the mandatory VAT registration threshold specified by the respective national VAT laws must register for VAT. Voluntary VAT registration will be optional where the business turnover is below the mandatory VAT registration threshold – careful consideration should be given to the potential amount of VAT reclaimed on purchases by the business as well as the compliance costs in administering and reporting the tax, before making such a decision. Businesses not registered for VAT cannot charge VAT on their sales and cannot claim any VAT incurred on their inputs.
How to Register for VAT in UAE
The UAE is on the way to implement VAT from January 2018. Now the businesses are getting ready to register for VAT. From 1st January 2018 5% VAT will be applied for both goods and services. VAT is a tax charged from consumers or customers.
Though there are some exemptions, VAT will be implemented on most of the dealings. The organizations or businesses having the annual turnover more than the specified limit have to register for the VAT. The businesses / organizations exceed the threshold of AED 375,000 will have to register for VAT and voluntary at least AED 187,500.
The businesses can register for VAT in any region of the country using the online services. The VAT registration is enabled to an individual, a company or any other commercial authority. The process is similar for all the different entities. The documents required for VAT registration differs from individuals to corporates. The basic document required for VAT registration includes the proof of business and a request letter signed by the individual or a company authority.
VAT registration procedure:
- Visit the website of Ministry of Finance - https://eservices.mof.gov.ae/
- In the menu select Services and select the sector which is applicable for you.
- From the sector select VAT and TAX certificates.
- After selecting the VAT you can see Service Description Card and download it.
- Select the Start Service option from the horizontal submenu.
- After registration and login the applicant will reach the customer landing page
- As mentioned on the screen, complete the tasks and select Create New Tax Request.
- A confirmation window will be opened after filling the details.
- After completing the process you will get directed to payment section. Pay the VAT registration fees.
Here completes your VAT registration.
After registering for VAT the authorities will be monitoring business records & transactions. OBM provides assistance and guidance in VAT related financial management and book keeping.
The process of charging VAT on supplies of goods and services requires businesses to issue VAT invoices. A VAT Invoice is a document that must be produced and issued by VAT registered businesses to provide documentary evidence of the sale of goods and services in compliance with the VAT law. A VAT Invoice is also required by the business as documentary evidence to support VAT credit claims, i.e. VAT incurred on the acquisition of goods and services for the purposes of the business can only be claimed if the business holds a valid VAT Invoice from the vendor.
The following new information was confirmed:
- The UAE (and some unnamed other Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Member States) is still on track to implement VAT from 1 January 2018, and it expects to release its domestic VAT Law before the end of the first half of 2017, with detailed Executive Regulations to follow shortly after. Under the GCC VAT Framework Agreement Member States who do not commence on 1 January 2018 will have up to one year to introduce VAT.
- A zero rate of VAT will be applied to both healthcare and education services. Both services were previously expected to be exempt from VAT, meaning that input VAT would have been a cost to businesses making such services. The zero rate will allow such businesses to recover input VAT.
- An as yet to be agreed by the GCC list of medicines and medical equipment will also be zero-rated.
- Supplies of commercial property (sales and leases) will be subject to the standard rate of VAT.
- Supplies of residential property (sales and leases) will be exempt from VAT, with the exception of the first sale of new residential property, which will be subject to the zero rate of VAT.
- Supplies of bare land will be exempt from VAT.
- Financial services will be subject to a narrow exemption model. Fee-based financial services will generally be subject to the standard rate of VAT.
- Life insurance will be exempt from VAT but all non-life insurance products will be subject to the standard rate of VAT.
- Islamic financial products will treated equivalent to other financial products under VAT. Investment gold, silver and platinum will be zero-rated.
- Although VAT is a federal tax, taxpayers will be required to report sales and purchases on an Emirate level basis on their UAE VAT returns. This will represent an additional compliance burden to businesses operating across the Emirates.
- Imports of goods into the UAE will be subject to the reverse charge, meaning that businesses will not have to physically pay VAT at the point of import.
- Imports of goods into other GCC Member States, transshipped through the UAE will not be eligible for the reverse charge, and import VAT will be due on such imports at the first point of entry into the GCC Customs Union. If imported through the UAE there will be no entitlement to recover the import VAT paid as input VAT in the UAE. The input VAT will have to be sought from the final destination Member State.
- If a business has previously imported goods into the UAE under the reverse charge mechanism, and then subsequently moves the goods to another GCC Member State, it will be required to pay back the input VAT it initially recovered under the reverse charge to the UAE Federal Tax Authority.
- At a GCC level, a list of basic food items have been agreed to be subject to the zero rate of VAT. The UAE does not have to apply this zero rate, and it advised that it intends to subject these food items to the standard rate of VAT.
- Supplies of local transport, such as taxis, buses, trains, etc. will be exempt from VAT.
- The VAT treatment of supplies made within free zones and by free zone entities is still under final consideration and be will confirmed within the UAE VAT law and the Executive Regulations.
- Supplies to the Government and Government bodies will be subject to VAT in the normal way, with Government having to manage any reclaim or refunds. A margin scheme will be available for second hand goods.
- The feasibility of a Tourist Refund Scheme is being considered.
- Special relief rules for transfers of going concerns will be included in the UAE VAT law.
- The standard VAT rate across the GCC will be 5%.
- The mandatory registration threshold will be US$100,000 and the voluntary threshold will be US$50,000. Meaning businesses with turnover below $50,000 cannot voluntarily register. Registration will open towards the end of Q3 2017.
- There will be quarterly returns with filing and payments due within a month after the quarter.
- Tax invoices will be required to be issued within 14 days and up to 12 items will be specified as required on a Tax invoice.
- Cash refunds (as well as carryover) will be available with no time period specified as of yet.
- Registration, filing and payments will all be conducted electronically, with detailed specifications to follow later in the year.
- Records, including tax invoices, must be retained for five years.
- There will be a three-tier appeal process.
- Employees of the new UAE Federal Tax Authority will be judicial officers. Audits will generally be conducted only after five days advance notice, except where fraud is suspected. Where fraud is suspected a business may be closed down for 72 hours and penalties of up to 500% may be applied on top of the primary VAT owing.